Crescent and the Star
The National flag of Pakistan was designed by Ameer-ud-Din Kidwai, and was adopted upon independence on August 14, 1947. The national flag of Pakistan is dark green in colour with a white bar, a white crescent in the centre and a five-pointed star. The green section represents Muslims, while the white section represents non-Muslim minorities.
The crescent represents progress; the star symbolizes light and knowledge. The flag (above centre) was displayed by Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan in the first session of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly in Karachi, on 11 August 1947. Four days later the flag was ceremoniously unfurled throughout Pakistan on the dawn of 15 August 1947. The flag was stitched by Master Abdul Hakim, Begum Liaquat Ali Khan’s tailor.
The National Emblem
The National Emblem of Pakistan was adopted in 1954 upon approval by the government. The emblem is usually coloured green, and that with the addition of the crescent and star at the top represent the Islamic majority religion of Pakistan.
In the centre of the emblem is a shield that represents agriculture through a portrayal of the four major crops of Pakistan at the time of its adoption: cotton, jute, tea, and wheat. The floral wreath around the shield is representative of the history of Pakistan, as the wreath is a Mughal design. Finally, the scroll at the bottom contains the national motto of Pakistan in Urdu. The motto is a saying of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, and reads from right to left: Iman, Ittehad, Tanzeem which translates as “Faith, Unity, Discipline”.